1. Section One Hundred and Fourteen [114] of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 provides for Review of the Judgement.
  2. The Supreme Court of India can review its own orders and judgment under Article 137 of the Indian Constitution. 
  3. The meaning of the term Review is to reconsider, to look again or to re-examine. 
  4. In legal terminology, it is nothing but a judicial re-examination of the decision of the case by the same court. 
  5. The Application for Review of judgment may be made on following points – 
    • Finding of a New Evidence
      • The detection of new evidence can be the ground for the filing of an Application for review of Judgement. 
      • Whenever, the party discovered a new fact or important matter evidence after exercise of due diligence, was not within his knowledge during the matter was heard or at the time when the judgement was passed, application of review is permissible.
    • Mistake or apparent error
      • The Application for review can be filed on the ground of a mistake or error apparent from the record. The error can be of fact or of law. 
      • Example - Pronouncement of Judgment without taking into consideration the fact that the law was amended with retrospective effect.
    • Any Other Reasonable or Sufficient ground 
      • The Application for review may be made on any other sufficient ground. However, it has not been elaborated in the code. 
      • The ground for review must be a bonafide ground.
  6.  It may be noted that, a Review of a Review cannot be permitted under the Civil Procedure Code 

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